Social Anthropology - Robots, AI & Society

mardi 16 mars 2021

The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI


The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI

Edited By Anthony Elliott, Routeledge

Forthcoming, July 13, 2021

392 pages

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The Routledge Social Science Handbook of AI is a landmark volume providing students and teachers with a comprehensive and accessible guide to the major topics and trends of research in the social sciences of artificial intelligence, as well as surveying how the digital revolution – from supercomputers and social media to advanced automation and robotics – is transforming society, culture, politics and economy.

The Handbook provides representative coverage of the full range of social science engagements with the AI revolution, from employment and jobs to education and new digital skills to automated technologies of military warfare and the future of ethics. The reference work is introduced by editor Anthony Elliott, who addresses the question of relationship of the social sciences to artificial intelligence, and who surveys various convergences and divergences between contemporary social theory and the digital revolution.

The Handbook is exceptionally wide-ranging in span, covering topics all the way from AI technologies in everyday life to single-purpose robots throughout home and work life, and from the mainstreaming of human-machine interfaces to the latest advances in AI, such as the ability to mimic (and improve on) many aspects of human brain function.

A unique integration of social science on the one hand and new technologies of artificial intelligence on the other, this handbook offers readers new ways of understanding the rise of AI and its associated global transformations. Written in a clear and direct style, the Handbook is will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience.

Table of Contents

Part I: Social Science Approaches to Artificial Intelligence

1. The Complex Systems of AI: Recent Trajectories of Social Theory

Anthony Elliott

2. Geographies of AI

Thomas Birtchnell

3. Artificial Intelligence and Psychology

J. Michael Innes and Ben W. Morrison

4. AI in the Age of Technoscience: On the Rise of Data-Driven AI and its Epistem-Ontological Foundations

Jutta Weber and Bianca Prietl

5. Work, Employment and Unemployment After AI

Ross Boyd

6. Affects After AI: Sociological Perspectives on Artificial Companionship

Michaela Pfadenhauer and Tobias Lehmann

7. Anthropology, AI and Robotics

Joffrey Becker

8. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Vincent C. Müller

9. Human-Machine Interaction and Design Methods

Naoko Abe

Part II: Fields of Artificial Intelligence in Social Science Research

10. Management and Organisation in the Age of AI

Roman Batko

11. Ambivalent Places of Politics: The Social Construction of Certainties in Automated Mobilities and Artificial Intelligence

Sven Kesselring and Carolin Schönewolf

12. Smart Environments

Maja de Neergaard and Malene Freudendal-Pedersen

13. Models of Law and Regulation for AI

Nicolas Petit and Jerome De Cooman

14. Artificial Intelligence and Cyber-security

Matteo E. Bonfanti, Myriam Dunn Cavelty, and Andreas Wenger

15. Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

Frank Sauer

16. AI and Worldviews in the Age of Computational Power

Massimo Durante

17. Technogenarians: Ageing and Robotic Care

Eric L. Hsu

18. Big Data and Data Analytics

Jo Bates

19. AI, Culture Industries and Entertainment

Sam Han

20. AI, Robotics, Medicine and Health Sciences

Norina Gasteiger and Elizabeth Broadbent

21. AI, Smart Borders and Migration

Louis Everuss

L’anthropologie cognitive face aux robots

Séminaire Cognition & Langage de l'IDMC

17 février 2021

++ Résumé ++ 

Lors de cette séance, nous présenterons les principales approches mobilisées en anthropologie pour étudier l’interaction humain-robot. Nous montrerons comment la recherche anthropologique décrit les conditions de l’émergence du rôle référentiel joué par les machines dites intelligentes et quelle incidence celui-ci a sur les relations sociales. Pour ce faire nous tenterons de mettre en rapport des questions émergentes issues de la robotique et de l’intelligence artificielle avec des approches classiques de la théorie anthropologique. En abordant l’étude ethnographique de la conception des machines, l’esthétique particulière qu’elles produisent, et par conséquent des notions comme l’agentivité, l’étrangeté, l’ontologie, le symbolisme ou la pertinence dans la communication, nous envisagerons de manière critique les limites d’une perspective anthropologique de l’interaction homme-machine qui reste essentiellement centrée sur la ressemblance avec l’humain.

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